The Dark Side of Love in Wuthering Heights | Heathcliff & Love
In this lesson, we will analyze the destructive, obsessive relationships in this It is no wonder that Hindley, Heathcliff, and Catherine are confused about the. Hindley had degraded Heathcliff to the point that Catherine couldn't think of had problems with the older Catherine and may have exaggerated her faults.). Does the relationship change or develop as the narrative progresses? Is it through a with his wife's happiness and when she tells him of her dislike for Heathcliff, Hindley Heathcliff and Catherine's independence leads them into trouble.
Earnshaw changes the household completely. With Hindley suddenly in control, Heathcliff is made a virtual slave and, though Catherine considers herself as much in love with him as ever, she begins to believe a marriage between them would be degrading.
Instead, after unwittingly revealing her feelings to Heathcliff, she marries her neighbor, Edgar Linton. Heathcliff, meanwhile, leaves the area in search of his fortune. When Heathcliff returns three years later, Catherine and Edgar are married and living more or less happily with Edgar's sister Isabella at Thrushcross Grange.
Hindley, meanwhile, has lost his wife and sunk into alcoholism, at times becoming a danger to his own son, Hareton. Heathcliff, during his absence, has made his fortune and presents himself as a well-bred gentleman.
His reappearance disrupts all peace in Thrushcross Grange as Catherine stubbornly refuses to give up either Heathcliff or Edgar, instead vacillating between temper tantrums and baiting Edgar cruelly. Heathcliff stays at Wuthering Heights while he is making frequent visits to Thrushcross Grange, encouraging Hindley in his vices, which by this time include gambling. Isabella is taken with Heathcliff's appearance and manner, convincing herself she is in love with him, though he treats her coldly.
In time he begins to see her as a means of revenging himself on both Edgar and Catherine, however, and begins encouraging her. His strategy begins working immediately: Edgar demands that Catherine send Heathcliff away and she works herself into a state of collapse over her unwillingness to comply. Eventually, in spite of his disdain, Heathcliff elopes with Isabella. Catherine is still severely ill when Heathcliff and Isabella return two months later.
Nelly, in her role as Catherine's caretaker, helps Heathcliff sneak in to see her. Their reunion is wild scene, more marked by passionate violence and recriminations than passionate love as each blames the other for Catherine's imminent death. At the last, Catherine begs Heathcliff not to leave her, but on Edgar's arrival he must. Catherine, however, has fainted, and so Heathcliff thrusts her on Edgar, charging him to care for her before chasing him, which Edgar does, forgetting Heathcliff in the process.
That night, Catherine gives birth to a daughter—Cathy—two months early and, as predicted by both, soon dies. He flung himself into the nearest seat, and on my approaching hurriedly to ascertain if she had fainted, he gnashed at me, and foamed like a mad dog, and gathered her to him with greedy jealousy. She and the child, whom she names Linton, settle in the south of England and Isabella is not seen again in the novel.
Hindley dies six months after his sister, and Heathcliff abruptly finds himself the master of Wuthering Heights, having financed a great deal of Hindley's gambling toward the end of his life.
Heathcliff repudiates Nelly's attempt to take charge of Hareton, claiming he will raise Hindley's son himself. Given the antipathy between Heathcliff and Edgar, all acquaintance is dropped and Nelly hears little of Wuthering Heights for some time.
The story picks up again twelve years later, after Cathy has grown into a pretty, charming, but somewhat willful girl. Edgar, conscious of the danger Heathcliff might pose to her, generally refuses to allow her off the grounds of Thrushcross Grange. When he learns Isabella is dying, however, he leaves for London to collect her son, Linton, intending to become the boy's guardian.
While he is gone, Cathy sneaks off into the moors in search of a series of caves she has heard tales of. While she is out, she discovers the existence of Wuthering Heights and her cousin Hareton. She and Hareton spend a pleasant day together, but, upon learning that he is not the son of the master of the Heights after Nelly finds her and forces her to return home, decides she despises him.
Nelly convinces Cathy to keep her knowledge of Wuthering Heights a secret since Nelly would be in a great deal of trouble if Edgar found out that his daughter had met Heathcliff, and the two return home. When Edgar returns with Linton, Cathy is even less pleased with this cousin than with Hareton—he is sickly, weak, and whines constantly. When Heathcliff learns of his return and insists on taking charge of him, however, Cathy worries over him.
Three more years pass before Cathy once again comes upon Heathcliff and Hareton on the moors, and Heathcliff invites her to Wuthering Heights to meet his son whom, by this time, Cathy doesn't remember. Linton is too weak to want to show her around the grounds, and so Cathy goes with Hareton, teasing and mocking him for his illiteracy and disinterest in becoming educated—she, herself, is fond of reading.
Heathcliff forces Linton to go after them. During this visit, Heathcliff confesses to Nelly that he hopes Cathy and Linton will someday marry. Once home, Cathy confronts her father about Heathcliff and her cousins at Wuthering Heights, wondering why he has never spoken of them or allowed her to know them. Edgar explains to her enough of his history with Heathcliff to make her understand some of their mutual hatred. He requests that she drop the acquaintance, but she begins corresponding with Linton.
When Nelly realizes what is happening, she burns the letters and uses the threat of telling Edgar to extract a promise that Cathy will stop writing.
Dark Side of Love in Wuthering Heights
Without her father, Cathy spends most of her time with Nelly. On one of their walks, Heathcliff intercepts the pair, demanding to know why Cathy has so cruelly rejected Linton and claiming that his son is dying of a broken heart.
Cathy is moved and asks Nelly to be allowed to visit him, which Nelly agrees to as she believes that Heathcliff must be lying. They go to him the next morning and Linton is indeed his customary whining self, quickly annoying Cathy.
When he begs her to nurse him back to hetitleh, however, she begins to feel sorry for him and takes advantage of Nelly catching a cold to begin sneaking out of the Grange to spend her evenings up at the Heights.
The visits do not go particularly well, with Cathy often coming home angry at either Hareton or Linton. After several days, she returns one last time to tell Linton she will not visit again, which seems to terrify him, and he begs for her forgiveness. After this farewell visit, Nelly realizes what Cathy is doing and confronts her. After hearing the story and fearing that Linton's plea will continue to win Cathy's sympathies, she tells Edgar about the visits.
He forbids Cathy to visit again, but agrees that Linton and Cathy might meet on the moors, confiding in Nelly that he would allow Linton and Cathy to marry if it would make Cathy happy. She also realized that she loved Heathcliff more than Edgar and would always love Heathcliff. An additional marriage which was made that was doomed was the one between Catherine and Linton.
Because this was a forced marriage, Cathy had not yet learned all she could about Linton.
Because she did not know until after the marriage that Linton was selfish and inconsiderate, she became distressed and grew isolated in the house. These three failed marriages described in this novel show that knowing the person you will marry is very important. Edgar pays tribute to his wife by naming their daughter Catherine. Isabella manages to escape from Heathcliff. After several years, Isabella contacts her brother Edgar and reveals that she and Heathcliff have a son named Linton.
She was pregnant when she escaped, and Heathcliff has no knowledge that he has a son.
Wuthering Heights - Wikipedia
Isabella extracts a promise from Edgar that Heathcliff will never find about their son and that Edgar will watch over Linton after she dies. Heathcliff has not ceased in his quest for revenge, and he discovers that if Linton were to marry Catherine, then Heathcliff would gain control of Thrushcross Grange. Catherine endures a miserable life at Wuthering Heights. Heathcliff hates her because she reminds him so much of her mother.
Linton dies soon after their marriage, leaving Heathcliff in control of Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grange. Heathcliff treats Catherine a little better than a servant, but that remains her station at Wuthering Heights. Heathcliff continues to lose his tenuous grip on sanity, finally becoming completely mad, searching for Catherine. Not there — not in heaven — not perished — where? Be with me always — take any form — drive me mad!
Only do not leave me in this abyss, where I cannot find you! I cannot live without my life! I cannot live without my soul! This reflects the recurring theme of ghosts and haunting, which will torment Heathcliff for the rest of his life. Twenty years later, Mr. The readers can now link this to the beginning of the story when Mr. Lockwood stays in the haunted room. In winter the frost is always there before it comes to us; and deep into summer I have found snow under that black hollow on the north-east side!
Later, the young Catherine will encounter the young Linton in the moors and learn about Wuthering Heights. The change in the mind and body of Heathcliff is visible. He says to Mrs. I thought, once, I would have stayed there, when I saw her face again — it is hers yet-he had hard work to stir me; but he said it would change, if the air blew on it, and so I struck one side of the coffin loose, and covered it up: Heathcliff, being open and revealing with his feelings, is becoming madder and weak.
He observes that for the first time in the family that young Catherine and Hareton are progressing. Catherine treats Hareton nicely, and Hareton learns to read, while they are both becoming fond of each other. If Heathcliff is in a shadow at the present, he is suggesting that the haunting will end in the future.
Those two, who have left the room. Chapter XXXIII, pg, Heathcliff dies and finally joins his beloved Catherine and finds peace, gaining in death the things that were denied to him in life. Edgar suffers two losses in this chapter — the death of his wife and the birth of a non-heir. This is not to suggest that Edgar does not love Cathy; he adores her, and she is his world.
He just hates the fact that his rival may end up with his property. He is clearly devastated by the death of his one true love, and although Heathcliff has done dastardly deeds throughout the text, most readers tend to sympathize with him and the loss he is feeling.
Edgar is devastated too, but by burying Catherine near her beloved moors, Edgar demonstrates both the depth of his love for his wife as well as insight into understanding her character. He wants Catherine to be happy and at peace, and this is one final gesture he can give to show his love. The jealousy, neglect and unprepared nature of the many relationships in novel have gone sour. In spite of all these destructive elements one relationship may succeed.
This is the one between Cathy and Hearten. Because there is no more jealousy or neglect and they are getting to know each other, their relationship has a good chance of succeeding. All the other failed relationships in this novel containing the elements; jealousy, neglect, and ignorance concerning the nature of your companion; one can conclude that these elements will destroy any relationships. Nelly does not witness the wedding, but Cathy and Linton do indeed get married.
Love in "Wuthering Heights"
Her choice of words is suggestive since there is so much preoccupation with his racial background. Coming from Liverpool, Heathcliff very likely is of mixed race.
Some critics have suggested that he is black or Arabic? Heathcliff can be a real beast, which comes across through his numerous threats, violent acts, and symbolic association with that unruly pack of dogs. In some ways he is the supreme depraved Gothic villain, but his emotional complexity and the depth of his motivations and reactions make him much more than that.
Heathcliff often falls back on violence as a means of expression, both of love and hate. Having been beaten on by Hindley for most of his childhood. Heathcliff is the classic victim turned perpetrator. Whether he is capable of sympathy for anyone but Catharine is highly questionable.
I have no pity! The more the wormswrithe, the more I yearn to crush out their entrails! He treats his son Linton no better. Though Heathcliff expresses and often enacts violence against just about everyone in the two houses, he would never hurt Catherine. However, his love for her is violent in the sense that it is extremely passionate and stirs a brutal defensiveness. Importantly, by the end of the novel Heathcliff admits to Nelly that he no longer has any interest in violence.
As he tells her: An absurd termination to my violent exertions? I get levers and mattocks to demolish the two houses, and train myself to be capable of working like Hercules, and when everything is ready, and in my power, I find the will to lift a slate off either roof has vanished!
My old enemies have beaten me; now would be the precise time to revenge myself on their representatives: I could do it; and none could hinder me. But where is the use? This question raises another; what kind of love or feelings is Bronte depicting? Heathcliff repeatedly calls Catherine his soul. Such a love is not necessarily fortunate or happy. Day Lewis, Heathcliff and Catherine represent the essential isolation of the soul, the agony of two souls or rather two halves of single soul-forever struggling to unite.
Clifford Collins calls their love a life-force relationship, a principle that is not conditioned by anything but it. It is a principle because the relationship is of an ideal nature; it does not exist in life, though as in many statements of an ideal. This principle has implications of a profound living significance. This fact explains why Catherine and Heathcliff several times describe their love in impersonal terms.
Such feelings cannot be fulfilled in an actual relationship. Bronte provides the relationship of Hearten and Cathy to integrate the principle into everyday life. Their love is an attempt to break the boundaries of self and to fuse with another to transcend the inherent separateness of the human condition; fusion with another will by uniting two incomplete individuals create a whole and achieve new sense of identity, a complete unified identity.
Freud explained this urge as an inherent part of love: Love has become a religion in Wuthering Heights providing a shield against the fear of death and the annihilation of personal identity or consciousness.
They cannot be happy without one another. Their relationship is intimate but not sexual. Catherine cannot love Heathcliff because he is of a lower class than her.
Edgar and Catherine are in a relationship which results in marriage. Catherine loves Edgar but only because he loves her so much. Edgar is infatuated by Catherine and loves her wholly; the love is never wholly reciprocated. Heathcliff marries Isabella for money and class, he marries her to gain access to Thrushcross Grange. Isabella falls in love with Heathcliff as a teenager, so is obviously blinded by age and a desire to love.
Heathcliff always makes sure Isabella is fully aware he is not in love with her, hence his hanging of her dog.
Hindley marries Frances while he is away at boarding school, he keeps the marriage a secret because Frances is from a lower class, and they do have a genuine love. When Hindley is with Frances he is happy and as pleasant as he could possibly be while she existed, her death eventually brought about his demise. They were both immature and cruel, which suited one another. They never truly love each other and Linton eventually dies. Which gave her higher social esteem and more money, with this power she gained she aimed to use to further Heathcliff and take him out of the control of her brother.
Hindley and Frances married each other for love and their own personal satisfaction. Frances got to escape to a better way of life and Edgar got what he wanted from her. Gypsies, who were thought to have come from Egypt, were objects of discrimination, partly because their traveling lifestyle made them people without a nation or land like Heathcliff, and partly because they just looked so different from the typical Anglo Saxon. In nineteenth-century novels, gypsies often steal children.
They are never the hero or anti-hero of the novel. So Bronte really mixes up our expectations here. Heathcliff did not consider Wuthering Heights as his home and therefore tried to escape it. This can be seen as an analogy to the nature of Gypsies. The first time he ran away from the manor was when he and Catherine visited the grounds of Thrushgross Grange, another manor in their neighbourhood.
More significant, though is the second occasion when Heathcliff ran away from Wuthering Heights and Catherine in order to eventually return a rich man.
This marked the turning point I the story. Other occasions strengthening this argument are his sleeping out of doors after his return to Wuthering Heights a rich man and staying outdoors previously to his death. It is not just a love story; it is a window into the human soul, where one sees the loss, suffering self-discovery, and triumph of the characters in this novel.
Catherine and Heathcliff destroy each other and everyone around them with their tortured romance. Another story is often overlooked. Nestled inside a tale of a dark and twisted love is the true love story between two who were caught up in the aftermath and wreckage of the storm known as Heathcliff and Catherine.
Frustratingly whether it was meant to bother or purely calm the nerves of Victorian readers.Love Literally
Yet the sexual tension and physical effect each character has upon the other is still tantalizingly apparent. Even as children, the reader may choose to observe the hint of sexual reference to Cathy laying her head in his lap. There is also the physical behaviours of each character in response to the other.
Her death triggers a disturbing outburst of violence upon himself. Cathy chooses instead to internalize her frustration by starving herself. The emotional bond between Heathcliff and Cathy is irrefutable. Heathcliff seems wholly emotionally dependent on Catherine. He relies on her for emotional stability and satisfaction. It is perhaps for this reason that Cathy cannot ever give him enough and he can never fully receive it.
Facing the adversities and oppressions of the real world, Cathy and Heathcliff transfer their relationship into the realms of the spiritual love. Their love however in nature becomes their religion, their indestructible faith. Their belief swells out of control, one simply cannot exist without the other; both characters trust that the only way they can receive what they want from each other is through death and the afterlife.
What makes the speculation of incest in Wuthering Heights so intriguing and difficult to fathom may be due to the realisation that not even the characters, the curious Heathcliff and Cathy, can distinguish their partnership. This idea becomes more vivid when Catherine decides to marry Linton, despite her supposed intentions to raise Heathcliff to power.
It can also be debated whether what they have is love at all; rather just complete dependence and obsession, even addiction — a control of needs which could be considered by readers and characters alike as love.
The work depicts how humanity was twisted, broken, band destroyed under the hand of violent devastation. But the great death is the steady faith of and yearns for happy life. In the world reined by Heathcliff, the bud of love, coming from Hareton and Cathy, broke through the hard soil of hatred. The betrayal of love brings the twist of humanity but pure love cures the wound, consoles the injured heart, and saves the degenerated soul.
Emily shows her positive attitude to the pure love and their destructibility of humanity. Male anxieties in relation to both physical and mental health in the Victorian era often seem to have concentrated on the supposedly baleful effects of masturbation, which was alleged to cause a wide range of physical and mental disorders, and on venereal diseases, especially syphilis.
This brings us neatly into the subject of Victorian sexuality, which has been a continuing topic of debate and fascination. According to their own testimonies, many people born in the Victorian age were both factually uninformed and emotionally frigid about sexual matters. Historically, it appeared that the licentious behaviour and attitudes of the Regency period had been replaced by a new order of puritan control and repression — personified by the censorious figure of Mrs Grundy — which was imposed by the newly dominant bourgeoisie, steadily permeated all classes, and lasted well into the 20th century.
These perspectives were contested by the French scholar Michel Foucault, who argued that sex was not censored but subject to obsessive discussion as a central discourse of power, bent on regulation rather than suppression. This helps explain why sexuality looms so large in art and medicine, for example, as well as in studies of the Victorian age. Lately, evidence has shown that Victorian sex was not polarised between female distaste and extra-marital male indulgence.
Instead many couples seem to have enjoyed mutual pleasure in what is now seen as a normal, modern manner. Thus this novel is a representation of both Victorian and Modern eras. Love, Sex and Marriage are the themes in almost all the ages in all over the world. Each and every character in this novel is representing the human emotions in particular.