Czechoslovakia | History, Map, & Facts | salonjardin.info
Popular history records the dissolution of Czechoslovakia on 1 January Relations between the two countries were at "freezing point" he said. The Dissolution of Czechoslovakia which took effect on 1 January , was an event that saw .. Surveys from showed that the majority of the population of Prague (Czechs) Trade relationships were re-established and stabilized, and the Czech Republic continues to be Slovakia's most important business partner. The relationship between Czechia and Slovakia is at all time high, very friendly and very close. As there is the common legacy of Czechoslovakia, there are.
Do you feel comfortable speaking Slovak here or do you try to avoid it? I use Czech when I write, for work, for professional reasons but in oral communication I use Slovak.
And my experience is mixed. I have met people who told me that they love to hear my Slovak, that they miss Slovak a lot and think it is a beautiful language so why not use it or continue using it even if you are in the Czech Republic, but unfortunately I have also met people who said they were of a strong conviction that if you come to this country and settle here permanently you should learn the language and use it on all occasions.
Has that ever been a problem?
I think the two mentalities, the two cultures are very similar and so there is no significant cultural gap between the two of us. And, if we are different, then it is more in terms of who we are as individuals, as people. It is true that I am different from my husband —much more energetic and lively and impulsive, but we complement each other nicely. And I honestly do not think that it has that much to do with our cultural backgrounds. I think it is more about who we are as individual people.
Will you be speaking Slovak to them and want them to be aware of their cultural heritage?
I think the best way would be for him to speak Czech and for me to speak Slovak so that the child is conscious of the two cultural backgrounds; conscious of the different cultural backgrounds that make him or her so to speak. So I would prefer keeping Slovak so that the child learns Slovak and is bilingual. It is not like I really miss it — when the occasion arises and I feel like doing it then I simply go.
Czech Republic–Slovakia relations - Wikipedia
So it is not a matter of nostalgia, just something that I love about Slovakia and that is worth seeing and experiencing in Slovakia. And sometimes I miss Slovak. But other than that, I think I am fine. I am not talking about business now but relations on the human level. Do you feel that Czechs and Slovaks have a very special relationship still or are the bonds coming loose? Merely on the linguistic level I am experiencing it more and more, especially in Prague, though not so much when I am in Moravia.
Dissolution of Czechoslovakia - Wikipedia
People do not understand you, or they say they do not understand you, and you have to repeat your sentences two or three times before they get your meaning.
So on the linguistic level, we are definitely losing the close relationship that must have existed under in the communist era when the two nations were part of the same country. It IS a different country. It says other serious problems of the Czech economy include complicated business rules, widespread corruption and a highly overpriced and slow motorway construction.
Experts addressed by Respekt say the Czech economy might grow faster if the country were capable of using EU subsidies more effectively, modernizing the energy sector, attracting foreign investments, and quicker and cheaper building of motorways and modern railways.
Dissolution of Czechoslovakia
Citizenship[ edit ] Since the federalization inCzechoslovakia had divided citizenship, either of the Czech Socialist Republic or of the Slovak Socialist Republic the word 'Socialist' was dropped from both names shortly after the Velvet Revolution. This distinction, however, had little effect on the citizen's life. On January 1,all Czechoslovak citizens automatically became citizens either of the Czech Republic or the Slovak Republic, based on their previous citizenship, permanent residence address, birthplace, family ties, job, and other criteria.
Additionally, people had one year's time to claim the other citizenship under certain conditions. In the case of movement between the Czech Republic and Slovakia, this policy took effect from By contrast, the Czech Republic has formerly prohibited dual citizenship for naturalized citizens, requiring them to give up existing citizenship s prior to receiving citizenship of the Czech Republic.
This requirement could only be waived if giving up an existing citizenship might put the applicant or their relatives in danger of persecution in their homeland, which was not the case of applicants from Slovakia. Exempt from this law are only those Slovak citizens who obtain a foreign citizenship by virtue of marriage with a foreign national.
Some Slovak politicians have speculated in the media about softening the Citizenship Act, but no change has yet materialized as of January People of both countries were allowed to cross the border without a passport and were allowed to work anywhere without the need to obtain an official permit. Border checks were completely removed on 21 December when both countries joined the Schengen Agreement.
Customs union between the Czech Republic and Slovakia remained in place from the dissolution until May 1,when both countries entered the European Union. Most of them did not re-register their official place of stay during the months before dissolution, and so the question of their citizenship was left open.
The Czech Nationality Act allowed a grant of automatic citizenship only to those born on Czech territory. For others, the right to citizenship required proof of a five-year period of residence, an "unobjectionable" criminal record, significant fees and a complicated bureaucratic process; this reportedly excluded a rather large percentage of Roma.
Significant numbers of Roma living in Czech orphanages did not have their legal status clarified, and were released from care as adult non-citizens without any right to work or live in the Czech Republic. This and the fact that the languages are very similar made almost all people of both nations passively bilinguali. After the dissolution in s the new TV channels in the Czech Republic practically stopped using Slovak, and young Czech people now have a much lower understanding of the Slovak language.
Also, the number of Slovak-language books and newspapers sold in the Czech Republic dropped drastically. Furthermore, many TV programmes on Slovak TV channels are still dubbed into Czech, some films in cinemas are subtitled in Czech and there are far more Czech-language books and periodicals on the market than before the dissolution.
Young Slovak people still have the same knowledge of the Czech language as their predecessors, if not better. Further, the Slovak Official Language Act passed in did reconfirm the right of Czechs to use their language in all official communication when dealing with Slovak authorities however, the Act explicitly limited the use of Czech in Slovakia only to persons with Czech as their mother tongue.
The same is true about using the Slovak language in the Czech Republic owing to the Administration Procedure Act of Sport[ edit ] The official break-up occurred right in the middle of the World Junior Ice Hockey Championshipswhich took place in Sweden. The team representing Czechoslovakia was called "Czech-Slovak" starting on 1 January.
In international ice hockey tournaments, the Czech Republic took over Czechoslovakia's place in the A-groups, while Slovakia had to start in the lower divisions. The team had been selected prior to the dissolution. Jaroslav Sakala won two medals in the individual hill events for the Czech Republic at those games along with his silver in the team event. It was after this that the teams were then officially split up into Czech Republic and Slovakia.
The team failed to qualify after they could only draw their final match against Belgiuma match they needed to win to qualify. The mutual encounters between the national teams of the two countries in many sports are followed by a majority of the populations, and the number of players and coaches active in the other republic is significant.
Several sports did or do feature a common league, and discussions about having a common football or ice hockey league continue. Since then, telephone calls between the two countries have required international dialing.