Europe and turkey relationship

Urgent need for better EU-Turkey relations: Analysis - Turkey News

europe and turkey relationship

Almost two months after Recep Tayyip Erdogan's re-election as president, Turkey is experiencing a serious financial crisis. This should be an. The decision by the European Court of Human Rights on a jailed Kurdish leader might be marking a turning point in ties between Turkey and. Twelve years ago, when Turkey started its accession negotiations with the European Union, a new chapter was opened in the history of.

The European Union enlargement process took a major step forward on 3 October when accession negotiations were opened with Turkey and Croatia.

Urgent need for better EU-Turkey relations: Analysis

After years of preparation the two candidates formally opened the next stage of the accession process. The negotiations relate to the adoption and implementation of the EU body of law, known as the acquis.

The acquis is approximatelypages of legal documents grouped into 35 chapters and forms the rules by which Member States of the EU should adhere. As a candidate country, Turkey needs to adapt a considerable part of its national legislation in line with EU law. This means fundamental changes for society that will affect almost all sectors of the country, from the environment to the judiciary, from transport to agriculture, and across all sections of the population.

However, the candidate country does not 'negotiate' on the acquis communautaire itself as these 'rules' must be fully adopted by the candidate country. The negotiation aspect is on the conditions for harmonization and implementation of the acquis, that is, how the rules are going to be applied and when. It is for this reason that accession negotiations are not considered to be negotiations in the classical sense. In order to become a Member State, the candidate country must bring its institutions, management capacity and administrative and judicial systems up to EU standards, both at national and regional level.

This allows them to implement the acquis effectively upon accession and, where necessary, to be able to implement it effectively in good time before accession. This requires a well-functioning and stable public administration built on an efficient and impartial civil service, and an independent and efficient judicial system. On 24 November the European Parliament voted to suspend accession negotiations with Turkey over human rights and rule of law concerns, [16] however this decision was non-binding.

Several institutions have been set up to ensure political dialogue and cooperation throughout the membership preparation process.

europe and turkey relationship

It is instrumental in shaping and orienting Turkey-EU relations. Its aim is to implement the association agreement in political, economic and commercial issues.

The Association Council meets twice a year at ministerial level.

EU-Turkey relations: the beginning of the end? | European Council on Foreign Relations

The Council takes decisions unanimously. Turkey and the EU side have one vote each. Association Comity The Association Comity brings together experts from EU and Turkey to examine Association related technical issues and to prepare the agenda of the Association Council. EU foreign ministers concluded on June 26, two days after the elections, that talks have come "to a standstill". Predictably, Ankara slammed their stance. However, neither Erdogan nor his counterparts in the EU are prepared to pull the plug, figuratively speaking, and take the responsibility.

  • What lies beneath the hostile rhetoric in Turkish-EU relations?
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  • European Union–Turkey relations

That means the union is still Ankara's top trading partner. To put it in perspective, the second and third-largest exporters to Turkey are, respectively, China and Russia Ankara's main energy partner and together they hold For better or worse, Turkey is firmly linked to the EU economy. Third, although membership is not in the cards, Turkey has not given up on EU integration. Improved access to EU markets could be the driver of growth and development at a time when the Turkish economy is looking increasingly vulnerable - be it because of long-standing structural problems or because of mismanagement on the part of the Turkish government.

The fact that one of Erdogan's first decisions upon returning as president was to curtail even further the autonomy of the Central Bank is hardly reassuring for the international financial markets. The appointment of Berat Albayrak, his son-in-law and former energy minister, as the new finance minister is not likely to calm foreign investors' concerns either.

Turkey would also like to see Schengen visa requirements lifted for its citizens travelling to the EU. There are large diasporas in Western Europe with people holding dual nationality. EU leaders reach deal on migration after marathon talks 2: There is a clear interest to extend it.

What lies beneath the hostile rhetoric in Turkish-EU relations? | Turkey | Al Jazeera

Migration Commissioner Dimitris Avramopoulos attended Erdogan's swear-in ceremony - a clear signal as to where the EU's priorities lie. The Europeans' dirty secret is that they might benefit from the Turkish push to carve a territory in northwest Syria under Ankara's control.

Northern Aleppo, Afrin and, possibly, the Idlib governorate might turn into a buffer zone containing potential refugees. Lastly, Turkey remains indispensable for the EU's effort to boost its energy security.

Rather than being based on common values and commitments, they have become transactional. The European Commission pulls no punches when it comes to documenting the Turkish authorities' infringements on democratic and human rights.

europe and turkey relationship