India relations the making of a comprehensive relationship

india relations the making of a comprehensive relationship

France and India enjoy an exceptionally warm relationship, which is the In the economic field, trade relations have developed over the years and Two agreements signed on 6 December complete its legal aspects. comprehensive Australia-India economic relationship, namely the resources .. %, making India the fourth fastest Australian investment. EU Trade relations with India. than doubled from 8% to 18% in the last decade, making the EU the first foreign investor in India. Negotiations for a comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between the EU and India.

Indo-French relations - La France en Inde / France in India

At the regional level, France fully supports India in its fight against terrorism and calls on all countries to fight effectively against terrorism originating from their territory or territories under their control.

France also updates India regarding its position on sensitive regional issues Iran, Afghanistan, Syria. With regard to combating climate change, France and India actively strengthened their cooperation in preparation for COP21 in December and the implementation of the Paris Agreement. They jointly launched an International Solar Alliance, which will help federate the endeavours of developing countries to mobilise investments and encourage transfers of technology and innovation in the solar energy sector.

They have also developed various projects on energy storage and sustainable urban development. The French Development Agency AFDestablished in India in — where it is mandated to preserve global public goods — will implement a 2-billion-euro credit line over the next few years to support Smart Cities and sustainable development projects. More than the volume of bilateral trade, the dynamism of Indo-French economic relations springs from the establishment of French companies in India.

Today, more than French subsidiaries from a wide spectrum of sectors are present in India and employ a workforce of around 3,00, persons. The total French investment stock in India is expected to increase by over 1 billion euros annually over the next few years. French exports rose to 2.

India–United States relations - Wikipedia

French companies specializing in the sustainable urban development sector are already active in around twenty Indian cities metro, water, etc. French Companies in India 3- Cultural, scientific and technical cooperation Developing bilateral cooperation on higher education, science, technology, research and innovation is a priority for France. The third is being held in I am glad to have the chance to see it in person.

I appreciate the opportunity to address many of the current and future leaders of India's military.

Foreign relations of India

As you know, the military to military relationship between our two countries is more robust than ever. Without any doubt, our military ties have played a crucial role in the ongoing transformation of the U. My visit to Indore and to the Army War College gives me the chance to talk about the deepening relationship between our two countries. My plan is to speak broadly about our bilateral relations, touch on some key themes that your director Lieutenant General RB Singh shared with me before my coming, and then leave plenty of time to take your questions - on any subject you may wish to discuss.

The Transforming Relationship During the past few years, we have seen a fundamental transformation in relations between the United States and India.

Observers from both countries have said that relations between our two countries have never been better. People ask me when this transformation began. Although there have been many key points, I don't think there is a single event that marked the turning point, as much as a realization by our leaders and countrymen that ties between our two countries should not be burdened by the decisions and actions of the past.

There has been some speculation and even some reporting that as the United States prepares for its Presidential elections in November, our bilateral relationship may lose some of its momentum - or get sidelined by domestic concerns.

Let there be no doubt - the U. Whether our country's elected leader is a Republican or a Democrat, the U. The relationship between our two countries transcends domestic politics, just as it did during the Clinton-Bush transition in and the BJP-Congress transition earlier this year. In both instances, the incoming governments reiterated what had been committed to in the previous government, that bilateral relations must continue to grow and expand.

The reasons for this foundation are numerous, and let me take a few minutes to mention some of the highlights. India's emergence as a rising world power and a mature market economy are significant to the region and the world.

We have jointly taken important steps to bridge previous mistrust and to lay the basis for a solid partnership for the 21st century. Our common interests are growing. We are committed to defeating terrorism. Both of our nations have suffered at the hands of terrorists and recognize the necessity of eliminating this inhuman threat to our people. We are committed to preventing the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and increasingly we are cooperating to stop their further spread.

We both seek a freer and more equitable international trading system. The cooperation between India and the United States was a key factor in the recent agreement on a framework at the World Trade Organization meeting in Geneva. While we may sometimes differ in our understanding of the pace and sequencing of such liberalization, we recognize that more trade and freer trade are essential for strong economic growth, rising prosperity, regional stability, and the reduction of poverty.

To help promote regional stability in South Asia, the U.

india relations the making of a comprehensive relationship

India and the U. We both believe that representative government that protects human rights and accommodates diversity is the best hope for progress and stability in Iraq. As our ties mature into a comprehensive relationship, our two nations will benefit from an increasing range of scientific and commercial opportunities that use cutting edge technologies for both civilian and military uses - for education, economic development, and space exploration, to take a few examples.

The Beginning of a Comprehensive Relationship I have no doubt that close and collaborative relations between America and India will flourish in the next few years. But let me be equally clear that the full potential of our relationship has still to be achieved. This will not happen on its own. The responsibility, and the vehicle to make it all happen, lie chiefly in the creative dynamism of our people and private societies.

It is the duty of our governments to make sure we can engage in many fields, look for opportunities to catalyze people-to-people contacts and public-private partnerships, do business together, and trade and invest in each other's futures.

India tried to act as a broker to help end that war, and served as a conduit for diplomatic messages between the US and China. Meanwhile, poor harvests forced India to ask for American aid for its food security, which was given starting in The Soviet Union provided about half as much in monetary terms, however made much larger contributions in kind, taking the form of infrastructural aid, soft loans, technical knowledge transfer, economic planning and skills involved in the areas of steel millsmachine buildinghydro-electric power and other heavy industries especially nuclear energy and space research.

india relations the making of a comprehensive relationship

Eisenhower at Parliament House, before the President's address to a joint session of Parliament, InDwight D. Eisenhower was the first US President to visit India to strengthen the staggering ties between the two nations.

He was so supportive that the New York Times remarked, "It did not seem to matter much whether Nehru had actually requested or been given a guarantee that the US would help India to meet further Chinese Communist aggression. What mattered was the obvious strengthening of Indian—American friendship to a point where no such guarantee was necessary.

Kennedy, Vice-President Lyndon B. Kennedy 's Presidency —63India was considered a strategic partner and counterweight to the rise of Communist China. Kennedy said, Chinese Communists have been moving ahead the last 10 years. India has been making some progress, but if India does not succeed with her million people, if she can't make freedom work, then people around the world are going to determine, particularly in the underdeveloped world, that the only way they can develop their resources is through the Communist system.

The Kennedy administration openly supported India during the Sino-Indian war and considered the Chinese action as "blatant Chinese Communist aggression against India". Defense Secretary Robert McNamara and General Maxwell Taylor advised the president to use nuclear weapons should the Americans intervene in such a situation.

Indo-French relations

Kennedy insisted that Washington defend India as it would any ally, saying, "We should defend India, and therefore we will defend India. As an economist, he also presided over the at the time largest US foreign aid program to any country.

Following the assassination of Kennedy inIndo-US relations deteriorated gradually.

india relations the making of a comprehensive relationship

While Kennedy's successor Lyndon Johnson sought to maintain relations with India to counter Communist China, [38] he also sought to strengthen ties with Pakistan with the hopes of easing tensions with China and weakening India's growing military buildup as well.

Richard Nixon shifted away from the neutral stance which his predecessors had taken towards Indo-Pakistani hostilities. He established a very close relationship with Pakistan, aiding it militarily and economically, as India, now under the leadership of Indira Gandhiwas seen as leaning towards the Soviet Union. He considered Pakistan as a very important ally to counter Soviet influence in the Indian subcontinent and establish ties with China, with whom Pakistan was very close.

Later inIndia conducted its first nuclear test, Smiling Buddhawhich was opposed by the US, however it also concluded that the test did not violate any agreement and proceeded with a June shipment of enriched uranium for the Tarapur reactor.

In the late s, with the anti-Soviet Janata Party leader Morarji Desai becoming the Prime Minister, India improved its relations with the US, now led by Jimmy Carterdespite the latter signing an order in barring nuclear material from being exported to India due to India's non-proliferation record.

The Reagan Administration provided limited assistance to India. India sounded out Washington on the purchase of a range of US defence technology, including F-5 aircraft, super computers, night vision goggles and radars. In Washington approved the supply of selected technology to India including gas turbines for naval frigates and engines for prototypes for India's light combat aircraft.

india relations the making of a comprehensive relationship

There were also unpublicised transfers of technology, including the engagement of a US company, Continental Electronics, to design and build a new VLF communications station at Tirunelveli in Tamil Nadu, which was commissioned in the late s. The United States strongly condemned this testing, promised sanctions, and voted in favour of a United Nations Security Council Resolution condemning the tests. President Bill Clinton imposed economic sanctions on India, including cutting off all military and economic aid, freezing loans by American banks to state-owned Indian companies, prohibiting loans to the Indian government for all except food purchases, prohibiting American aerospace technology and uranium exports to India, and requiring the US to oppose all loan requests by India to international lending agencies.

Only Japan joined the US in imposing direct sanctions, while most other nations continued to trade with India. The sanctions were soon lifted. Afterward, the Clinton administration and Prime Minister Vajpayee exchanged representatives to help rebuild relations.