Karna - Wikipedia
Duryodhana immediately defends Karna, and makes him king of Anga so that he with her jewel, without saying a word in anger, meaning he trusted Karna so much. friendship and loyalty above unreliable family relations. Karna meets Duryodhana for the first time in Hastinapura during archery lessons from Drona, an event. Duryodhana asked Karna what the quarrelling was for. Later, when Bhanumati asked Duryodhana why he didn't doubt her, he replied, "In a relation there Karna is my best friend and I trust him because I have faith that he.
When Karna's identity is revealed to him, Duryodhana's love for Karna only grows and it is he, and not the Pandavas, who performs Karna's last rites. Tendencies and schemes[ edit ] During their childhood Bhima used his brute strength to inflict injuries on the Kaurava brothers.
As Bhima was gluttonous, Duryodhana, guided by Shakuni attempted to kill Bhima by feeding him poison, but Bhima survived the trap and emerged even stronger than before. Duryodhana then participated in a plot by Shakuni to burn the Pandavas at Varnavata; however, they managed to escape the trap having been warned by Vidura.
Usurping the Kingdom[ edit ] After the Pandavas reveal that they have survived the wax house, with a new wife to boot, Bhishma suggests that the kingdom be divided in order to ease the obvious tension. Yudhishthira is given half the kingdom and made king of Khandavprasthaso as to avoid a clash with the Kaurava princes over the whole Kuru Kingdom. Duryodhana becomes the crown prince of Hastinapuraand owing to the age and blindness of his father, he accumulates much control and influence, managing the state affairs himself with a group of his advisers that include his uncle Shakunibrother DushasanaBhishma, Vidura, and Karna.
But Duryodhana remains jealous of Yudhishthira, especially after the Pandavas along with Krishna transform Khandavaprastha to Indraprastha. Moreover, Yudhishthira performs the Rajasuya Yagna and gains the authority over several other kingdoms; Indraprastha's prosperity and fame appear to exceed Hastinapura's.
Duryodhana is unable to contain his anger, which is intensified when BhimaArjunathe twins, and the servants laugh at him when he slips into a pool of water during a visit to Indraprastha. Draupadi insults Duryodhana by saying "Look what a pity the son of the blind man also is blind" this enraged Duryodhana and increased his hostility towards the Pandavas. To support his will, Shakuni devises a scheme to rob Yudhishthira of his kingdom and wealth by defeating him in a game of dicewhich Shakuni cannot lose due to his superior skill over Yudhishthira's ineptitude and addiction to the game of dice.
Unable to resist the challenge, Yudhishthira gambles away his entire kingdom, his wealth, his four brothers and even his wife, in a series of gambits to retrieve one by staking another.
Duryodhana encouraged his brother Dushasana to drag Draupadi into the court. As she is Duryodhana's property after Yudhishthira had gambled everything away to him, Duryodhana tells Draupadi to sit on his left thigh, showing and patting it to insult her for revenge.
Due to this action, Bhima swears, he would break Duryodhana's thigh. As an enraged Draupadi is about to curse the Kuru clanGandhari intervenes. Fearing retribution by the Pandavas, their allies, and history, Dhritarashtra and Gandhari reverse all of Yudhishthira's losses.
But then either through Duryodhana forcing his father to command the Pandavas to play again, or through Shakuni's vicious tricks he might have made Dhritrashtra to order them to play the game is repeated.
For this game of dice Shakuni sets the condition that upon losing, Yudhishthira and his brothers must spend thirteen years in exile in the forest before they may reclaim their kingdom.
The thirteenth year must be passed incognito, or else the term of exile would be repeated. The Pandavas lose and begin their exile. The Emperor[ edit ] In the Chaturdhari compilation, it is interpolated that Karna took up the task of establishing Duryodhana as the Emperor of the world India. Karna embarks upon a worldwide military campaign, otherwise called Digvijaya Yatra. No person in the entire universe, except Lord Vishnu, had performed this Vaishnava sacrifice. Duryodhana thus became the most powerful and the wealthiest man in the world.
With the help of Karna, Duryodhana even made plans and preparations to conquer Indrathe lord of the heavens and the father of Arjuna in order to become the sovereign ruler of both heaven and earth. Although Dhritarashtra openly criticizes his son, he tacitly desires that Duryodhana retain his throne. In a final attempt at securing peace, Krishna returns with the Pandavas' final proposal: Scoffing, Duryodhana says he will not even give even a needlepoint of land to the Pandavas.
Egged on by Krishna, Duryodhana attempts to arrest him. Krishna reveals his Vishvarupa form.
The entire Kaurava court, save for Bhishma, Drona, Vidura, and Dhritarashtra who was granted divine vision in order to see that by supporting his son, he was going against Godis temporarily blinded by the form. This confirms to those present that Krishna is indeed an avatar of Vishnu. Duryodhana, being vastly egoistic in some versions of the story an outright atheistbrushes off the incident, not convinced of Krishna's divinity, and believing that strength of arms, not philosophywould win him a war.
Gathering the army[ edit ] With war inevitable, Duryodhana gathers support from his powerful vassals. The most legendary warriors — BhishmaDronaKarnaKripaAshwatthamaShrutyudhaeven those who were critical of him are forced to fight for Duryodhana due to their previous commitments. He ends up amassing a larger army than his rivals. Shakuni also advises Duryodhana to seek Krishna's help.
Duryodhana rushes to Dwarika only to find Krishna sleeping; he waits at the head of Krishna's bed when suddenly, Arjuna arrives with the same goal in mind. Arjuna waits at the foot of Krishna's bed. When Krishna wakes up, both Duryodhana and Arjuna appeal for his alliance. Krishna offers a choice of himself, completely unarmed, or the entire Vrishini army. Duryodhana proclaims that because he arrived first, he should get first-pick.
mythology - Did Karna really play dice with Duryodhana's wife, Bhanumati? - Hinduism Stack Exchange
However, Krishna says that because he saw Arjuna first and because Arjuna is younger, that Arjuna gets first choice. Duryodhana becomes worried but is overjoyed when Arjuna elects to reject Krishna's army in favor of Krishna alone. Joyously, Duryodhana returns to Hastinapura with the Vrishini army in-hand, only to be rebuked by Shakuni, who comments that Krishna is worth many armies by himself. Duryodhana also manages to win the army of Shalyathe maternal uncle of the Pandavas. Duryodhana intercepts Shalya's army as it comes to Kurukshetra and offers hospitality; Shalya accepts thinking Yudhishthira had made the offer.Suryaputra Karn - सूर्यपुत्र कर्ण - Episode 93 - 9th November, 2015
After Shalya has enjoyed Duryodhana's comforts, Duryodhana reveals the duplicity and indicates that Shalya is now indebted to him. He uses this indebtedness to extract Shalya's army and support.
Duryodhana wanted Shalya mainly so that Karna would have an equivalent charioteer to Arjuna's Krishna. During the War[ edit ] In the war, Duryodhana repeatedly eggs on the invincible Bhishma and Drona to forward his cause, even though his main hope is Karna. He desires to appoint Karna as his commander-in-chief ; however, Karna and Shakuni point out that his already reluctant allies would much rather fight under Bhishma, an older, experienced, god-bornkshatriya than fight under a suta-putra.
Reluctantly, Duryodhana appoints Bhishma as the commander in chief. When Bhishma falls to Arjuna, Duryodhana appoints Drona as commander-in-chief and orders him to capture Yudhishthira to win the war.
On the thirteenth day of battle, his heir Lakshmana is killed by Arjuna's son, Abhimanyuwho proceeds to try and arrest Duryodhana. Duryodhana orders his soldiers to brutally kill of Abhimanyu, even if thought it takes unethical means to finish him off. Duryodhana is repeatedly frustrated, as the Pandavas succeed in downing Drona, and is emotionally distraught when, on the 14th dayArjunaenraged by Abhimanyu's death, tears through the Kaurava army and slays Duryodhana's brother-in-law Jayadratha.
Throughout the war, Bhima is steadily slaying his brothers, increasing his misery and bringing him closer to a defeat. Duryodhana's hopes are finally shattered when Karna is felled by the strategy of Lord Krishna and Arjuna.
It is said that Duryodhana never shed a single tear for any of his real brothers except Dushasana who were killed in the battlefield, but when his beloved friend Karna was slain, he was inconsolable. Duryodhana appoints Shalya as the next commander-in-chief.
On the final day of war, Duryodhana takes out his anger by smashing open Chekitana's head.
As Shalya is killed by Yudhishthira, Duryodhana's paltry army-once eleven akshauhinis strong-breaks, and the army is essentially routed. Having lost his horseDuryodhana leaves the battlefield. He cools his body by entering a lake, all hope of winning lost. Yet, he prepares for his final battle; for a death befitting a warrior on the battlefield and hoping to reunite with his friends and relations in the afterlife. He re-emerges from the lake after Ashwatthama and Kripa counsel him to face his destiny with courage.
In some versions of the story, after Karna's death, Duryodhana doesn't even join his army and instead heads immediately to the lake. When the Pandavas and Krishna eventually find him, Duryodhana tells them that he wants to gift the kingdom to them, and retire to the forest.
Yudhishthira balks at the offer, telling him that Hastinapur is not Duryodhana's to gift. Instead, he offers that Duryodhana may pick any of the Pandava brothers to fight against one-to-one with a weapon of his choice, with the winner of the conflict the victor of the war. Despite his proposed advantage over Yudhishthira, ArjunaNakulaor Sahadeva with the gadaDuryodhana picks his nemesis Bhima.
Despite Bhima's physical advantage, Duryodhana had the better technique due to his devotion to his craft.
After a long and brutal battle between the two disciples of Balarama, Duryodhana begins to exhaust Bhima, and nearly makes Bhima faint. At this point, Krishna, observing the fight, calls out to Bhima and signals him by repeatedly clapping his own thigh with his hand.
As intended, Bhima was reminded of an oath he had taken after the game of dice to crush Duryodhana's thighs. Bhima victoriously attacks Duryodhana with his mace and strikes his thigh, mortally wounding Duryodhana. After having his face insultingly kicked by Bhima, Duryodhana bemoans that he was slain by unfair means, given that it was illegal to attack below the waist in a mace fight.
Infuriated at the violation, Balaramathe brother of Lord Krishna, raises his weapon to attack. Lord Krishna consoles Balarama, by reminding him of Duryodhana's evil deeds, and reprimands him for trying to influence a war he refused to participate in. Relenting but fuming, Balarama curses Bhima to be known in the world as a crooked warrior and blesses Duryodhana with glory, naming Duryodhana his greatest pupil.
He again eviscerates the Pandavas for all their chicanery during the war and decries their legacy. Venerating his own character, Duryodhana proclaims he will die happily. Duryodhana then turns to Krishna and specifically accuses him of engineering his defeat. Upon the conclusion of these words of Duryodhana, signs from the heavens flowers and music validate the merits of Duryodhana's words.
Death[ edit ] When the coast is clear, AshwatthamaKripacharyaand Kritvarmahaving witnessed the fight and not wanting to interrupt so as to rob Duryodhana of his honorcome to Duryodhana's broken body. Duryodhana commands them to take revenge on the Pandavas, and to specifically kill all the Pandava brothers and Panchalas.
Using the blood from his body, Duryodhana appoints Ashwatthama as the army's supreme commander. Already angry at the deceitful killing of his father DronaAshwatthama ambushes the Pandava camp at night. The three warriors lay waste to the sleeping, drunkand unaware army. Other than those who had been staying in the Kaurava campfew escape the slaughter. The trio rushes to tell Duryodhana of the news. After destroying the entire Pandava camp, Ashwatthama proceeds towards Duryodhana.
When also I attained to youth, I married wives according to his selections. Through them have been born my sons and grandsons, O Janardana. My heart also, O Krishna, and all the bonds of affection and love, are fixed on them. From joy or fear.
I cannot venture to destroy those bonds even for the sake of the whole earth or heaps of gold. In consequence also of my connection with Duryodhana of Dhritarashtra's race, I have, O Krishna, enjoyed sovereignty for thirteen years, without a thorn on my side. I have performed many sacrifices, always however in connection with persons of the Suta tribe. All my family rites and marriage rites have been performed with the Sutas.
Obtaining me, O Krishna, Duryodhana hath, O thou of Vrishni's race, made this preparations for an armed encounter and provoked hostilities with the sons of Pandu. And it is for this, O Achyuta, that in the battle that will ensueI have been chosen as the great antagonist of Arjuna to advance against him in a single combat.
For the sake of death, or the ties of blood, or fear, or temptation, I cannot venture, O Janardana, to behave falsely towards the intelligent son of Dhritarashtra.
If I do not now engage in a single combat with Arjuna, this will, O Hrishikesa, be inglorious for both myself and Partha In subsequent conversation, Karna also suggests to Krishna not to disclose the secret of him being son of Kunti. Otherwise it would cause Yudhishtira not to accept won kingdom.