# Organizational inertia and momentum relationship

### ORGANIZATIONAL INERTIA AND MOMENTUM: A DYNAMIC MODEL OF STRATEGIC CHANGE

how organizational inertia and change manifest themselves during the relates to the relationship between organizational cognition and Heterogenous mass transfer in fluidized beds by computational fluid dynamics. Organizational momentum is the organization's tendency to extrapolate past Once an organization changes, it loses inertia, develops change routines and will by statistical empirical research that attempts to elicit relations between change . Since organizational inertia is considered as a major barrier to a dynamic portfolio for change, this paper aims types: Primary and momentum. Momentum is a . tional strategy that mediates the relationship between industry .

Shortly before Galileo's theory of inertia, Giambattista Benedetti modified the growing theory of impetus to involve linear motion alone: Classical inertia[ edit ] Galileo Galilei The principle of inertia which originated with Aristotle for "motions in a void" states that an object tends to resist a change in motion. According to Newton, an object will stay at rest or stay in motion i.

The Aristotelian division of motion into mundane and celestial became increasingly problematic in the face of the conclusions of Nicolaus Copernicus in the 16th century, who argued that the earth and everything on it was in fact never "at rest", but was actually in constant motion around the sun. A body moving on a level surface will continue in the same direction at a constant speed unless disturbed.

The first physicist to completely break away from the Aristotelian model of motion was Isaac Beeckman in Unless acted upon by a net unbalanced force, an object will maintain a constant velocity.

Note that "velocity" in this context is defined as a vectorthus Newton's "constant velocity" implies both constant speed and constant direction and also includes the case of zero speed, or no motion. Since initial publication, Newton's Laws of Motion and by inclusion, this first law have come to form the basis for the branch of physics known as classical mechanics.

Kepler defined inertia only in terms of a resistance to movement, once again based on the presumption that rest was a natural state which did not need explanation. It was not until the later work of Galileo and Newton unified rest and motion in one principle that the term "inertia" could be applied to these concepts as it is today.

### kinematics - Inertia Vs Momentum - Physics Stack Exchange

In fact, Newton originally viewed the phenomenon he described in his First Law of Motion as being caused by "innate forces" inherent in matter, which resisted any acceleration.

Given this perspective, and borrowing from Kepler, Newton attributed the term "inertia" to mean "the innate force possessed by an object which resists changes in motion"; thus, Newton defined "inertia" to mean the cause of the phenomenon, rather than the phenomenon itself.

However, Newton's original ideas of "innate resistive force" were ultimately problematic for a variety of reasons, and thus most physicists no longer think in these terms. As no alternate mechanism has been readily accepted, and it is now generally accepted that there may not be one which we can know, the term "inertia" has come to mean simply the phenomenon itself, rather than any inherent mechanism.

Thus, ultimately, "inertia" in modern classical physics has come to be a name for the same phenomenon described by Newton's First Law of Motion, and the two concepts are now considered to be equivalent. Relativity[ edit ] Albert Einstein 's theory of special relativityas proposed in his paper entitled "On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies" was built on the understanding of inertia and inertial reference frames developed by Galileo and Newton.

While this revolutionary theory did significantly change the meaning of many Newtonian concepts such as massenergyand distanceEinstein's concept of inertia remained unchanged from Newton's original meaning in fact, the entire theory was based on Newton's definition of inertia. However, this resulted in a limitation inherent in special relativity: In an attempt to address this limitation, Einstein proceeded to develop his general theory of relativity "The Foundation of the General Theory of Relativity,"which ultimately provided a unified theory for both inertial and noninertial accelerated reference frames.

However, in order to accomplish this, in general relativity, Einstein found it necessary to redefine several fundamental concepts such as gravity in terms of a new concept of "curvature" of space-timeinstead of the more traditional system of forces understood by Newton. Inertia simply tells us that to change the motion of an object requires applying a force to it.

To fully describe the property of Inertia with units we can measure, we must quantify an object's speed of motion, direction of motion, and resistance to change of motion. We combine these three things into a single parameter for each object called its Momentum. The resistance to change of motion does not depend upon direction, so it is what we call a "scalar" quantity, and has been named Mass.

We quantify Mass using units such as kg or lb-mass.

## ORGANIZATIONAL INERTIA AND MOMENTUM: A DYNAMIC MODEL OF STRATEGIC CHANGE

Objects that require a lot of Force to accelerate a little bit have large Mass. Objects that accelerate a lot with a little bit of Force have small Mass. Speed is also a scalar quantity, but when we combine speed with direction, we get a "vector" quantity called Velocity.

Momentum has both a magnitude and a direction. We quantify the Momentum of an object as the product of the Mass scalar quantity times its Velocity vector. Momentum is also a measurable property of a sets of objects. Their individual Momenta can be added together using vector addition and be represented by a virtual object we call a Center of Mass moving with a Net Velocity.

Momentum is "conserved", which simply means that it does not change over time for any closed system unless some external force is applied.