The Oxpecker | Sabi Sabi Private Game Reserve Blog
Parasitism: A relationship between two things in which one of them benefits from The hippopotamus is harmed because the oxpecker cuts it. More on oxpeckers, on wound-feeding, and on the delightful habit of eating earwax ic8ade5efeaf8-hippo ox salonjardin.info bill tips that they use to kill the host's nestlings (of the 15 honeyguide species, but they seem to have a mutualistic relationship with rhinos, and a simple. He said the birds and hippos often share a mutually beneficial relationship, with the oxpeckers helping to free the hippos of ticks and other.
The Earwax Episode Once when i was in a taxi, the driver was attempting to make conversation and asked what I did.
I usually try to avoid the subject with some people, because when i say "I study the inner ear" a lot of people feel the need to unload their medical problems regarding earwax upon me. I have recently discovered your blog and am enjoying it!
Log in to post comments By Shamini Bundell not verified on 25 Jan permalink How do ticks get spread between hosts? I haven't read Weeks' paper, but it occurs to me that birds, possibly including oxpeckers, might act as vectors for tick infection. By TheBrummell not verified on 25 Jan permalink Very interesting stuff. I don't mean to be a stick in the mud, but I rather liked the white text on black, and having large articles.
I think large articles lend themselves to easier compositional organisation, and therefore are an easier read.
The previous articles felt like a mini-review paper, rather than a blog containing random facts. Keep up the good work! Log in to post comments By Paul not verified on 25 Jan permalink Which other animals do these birds pester?
The Hippopotamus & The Oxpecker Bird by Carmen Lighthiser on Prezi
Are elephants also in their "list"? By nemo ramjet not verified on 25 Jan permalink Welcome to SB! Glad to have some t-pods to balance the squidy bits at Pharyngula.
In reading your post, I was confused by the below in the third major paragraph: The control cattle are still exposed to the birds, which eat the wax, right?
No worries if I have mis-read something, as I did not take the time to look at the original paper. A whole host of new information about parasitic birds has just entered my brain; thank you very much.
Rhinos & the Oxpecker Bird
I confess my curiosity as to just what Triceratops was supposedly a brood parasite to Log in to post comments By Anthony Docimo not verified on 25 Jan permalink What a wonderfully "delicious" post. By Carl Buell OGeorge not verified on 25 Jan permalink Nothing to do with the birds, I just wanted to say I liked the angle of that first photo of the hippo's head, that neatly shows the way they keep their airway and sense organs above the water while showig as little else as possible.
Ear-eye-nostril-nostril-eye-ear, all in a straight line.
Log in to post comments By Del C not verified on 28 Jan permalink Do oxpeckers or any other birds clean hippopatamus teeth? One aspect of mutualism is the extent of involvement -- one partner may be completely dependent on the relationship obligatewhile the other benefits from the relationship but can survive without it facultative.
Adding the word "cleaning" to mutualism indicates that one partner removes external parasites from the other. Kifaru The rhino "kifaru" in Swahili grazes on the African savanna and shelters in dense thickets of thorny brush.
- The Oxpecker
Ticks lurk in both spots, waiting to fling themselves onto a host. Kifaru's skin is thick, but very sensitive and well supplied with blood just under the surface, so it bleeds easily. Ticks and other skin parasites make Kifaru itch horribly, so he spends a lot of time and energy scratching himself on rocks and trees, trying to get rid of them.
This is where the oxpecker, or tickbird, can be a big help. Kifaru is also very shortsighted and has a hard time seeing enemies if they approach, but the oxpecker on Kifaru's back can, and provides some warning by hissing and screaming. Because the rhino can survive without the tickbird, Kifaru is a facultative partner in this mutualistic relationship.
Askari wa Kifaru The little oxpecker "askari wa kifaru" or "the rhino's guard" in Swahili "cleans" the rhino by plucking ticks from Kifaru's skin, but does so selectively; he prefers big, fat ticks that are already engorged with blood, ignoring the little ones that irritate Kifaru just as badly. The oxpecker also searches any wounds or sores Kifaru may have and removes botfly larvae and other parasites, but in the process he also removes scabs and tissue, causing fresh bleeding.
In fact, the oxpecker gets his blood meals as much directly from Kifaru himself as from the parasites he removes.