Society of Jesus - Wikipedia
The Society of Jesus (SJ; Latin: Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the In , Jorge Mario Bergoglio became the first Jesuit to be elected Pope, .. Extensive documentation was left in the form of The Jesuit Relations. Jesuit: Jesuit, member of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic order of as it did not, they vowed to accept any apostolic work requested by the pope. In . The Jesuit and Franciscan ways embody two different --but What can we make of the Argentine Jesuit pope who has chosen the name Francis? What it takes to mend relationships between the police and communities.
Central to the order's philosophy are the spiritual exercises set down by Loyola, which offer a means for the individual to learn more about themselves and God through prayer and guidance from a director. Such fortitude and focus was needed by the Jesuits, whose early missionary work took them through Protestant Europe and as far afield as the New World, Japan, Tibet and Goa.
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Although the 20,strong society is mainly comprised of priests, there are also 2, Jesuit brothers, and almost 4, scholastics — or men studying for the priesthood. What binds them together is a shared vision of their role.
Who exactly are the Jesuits? | World news | The Guardian
According to Jesuits in the UK, the contemporary Jesuit mission "is the service of faith and the promotion in society of 'that justice of the Gospel which is the embodiment of God's love and saving mercy'". They are organised into 91 geographical "provinces", which are each overseen by a provincial superior, who answers to the head of the society, the superior general. But despite their numbers and global presence — the society is the largest male order in the world, with members at work in more than a countries around the world - Jesuits have had to wait almost five centuries to see one of their number elevated to the highest post in the Catholic church.
Although they take vows of poverty, chastity and obedience Jesuits have historically been viewed with suspicion in Rome and elsewhere, and seen as a group that is a little too practical, a little too independent, and a little too powerful for its own good. In Elizabethan England, Jesuits were reviled as the embodiment of the Catholic threat-from-within, ruthlessly persecuted and even dragged into the gunpowder plot.
In the new world, their defence of the indigenous peoples they had converted to Catholicism put them at odds with the Spanish and Portuguese governments, who saw their behaviour as a hindrance to their economic interests in the area.
Who exactly are the Jesuits?
By the mid to late 18th century, the order had become so feared and despised that it was suppressed in many parts of the world, only to be re-established by Pope Pius VII in First, they founded schools throughout Europe. Jesuit teachers were trained in both classical studies and theologyand their schools reflected this. Second, they sent out missionaries across the globe to evangelize those peoples who had not yet heard the Gospelfounding missions in widely diverse regions such as modern-day ParaguayJapanOntarioand Ethiopia.
One of the original seven arrived in India already in The zeal of the Jesuits overcame the movement toward Protestantism in the Polish—Lithuanian Commonwealth and southern Germany. Ignatius wrote the Jesuit Constitutions, adopted inwhich created a centralised organization and stressed acceptance of any mission to which the Pope might call them.
This phrase is designed to reflect the idea that any work that is not evil can be meritorious for the spiritual life if it is performed with this intention, even things normally considered of little importance.
The term "Jesuit" of 15th-century origin, meaning one who used too frequently or appropriated the name of Jesus was first applied to the society in reproach — Ignatius and the early Jesuits did recognize, though, that the hierarchical church was in dire need of reform. Some of their greatest struggles were against corruption, venalityand spiritual lassitude within the Catholic Church. Ignatius insisted on a high level of academic preparation for the clergy in contrast to the relatively poor education of much of the clergy of his time.
Jesuit | Definition, History, & Facts | salonjardin.info
And the Jesuit vow against "ambitioning prelacies" can be seen as an effort to counteract another problem evidenced in the preceding century. Ignatius and the Jesuits who followed him believed that the reform of the church had to begin with the conversion of an individual's heart.
One of the main tools the Jesuits have used to bring about this conversion is the Ignatian retreat, called the Spiritual Exercises. During a four-week period of silence, individuals undergo a series of directed meditations on the purpose of life and contemplations on the life of Christ.
Jesuit order established
They meet regularly with a spiritual director who guides their choice of exercises and helps them to develop a more discerning love for Christ. The retreat follows a "Purgative-Illuminative-Unitive" pattern in the tradition of the spirituality of John Cassian and the Desert Fathers. Ignatius' innovation was to make this style of contemplative mysticism available to all people in active life.
Further, he used it as a means of rebuilding the spiritual life of the church.
The Exercises became both the basis for the training of Jesuits and one of the essential ministries of the order: The Jesuits' contributions to the late Renaissance were significant in their roles both as a missionary order and as the first religious order to operate colleges and universities as a principal and distinct ministry.
By the time of Ignatius' death inthe Jesuits were already operating a network of 74 colleges on three continents.