United States Electoral College - Wikipedia
VisitTheUSA is the USA official guide for traveling the United States of America. Discover here all the Experiences. 5 Weirdly Cool Places to Visit in the USA. The electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot for two persons, And they shall make a list of all the persons voted for, and of the number of votes No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the United States. NOTE: Dashes indicate either no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria. Table 5. Hourly earnings distribution: By travel time to work ( Number.
But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by States, the representation from each state having one vote; A quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. In every case, after the choice of the President, the person having the greatest number of votes of the electors shall be the Vice President.
But if there should remain two or more who have equal votes, the Senate shall choose from them by ballot the Vice President. The Congress may determine the time of choosing the electors, and the day on which they shall give their votes; which day shall be the same throughout the United States.
No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the United States, at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the office of President; neither shall any person be eligible to that office who shall not have attained to the age of thirty five years, and been fourteen Years a resident within the United States.
In case of the removal of the President from office, or of his death, resignation, or inability to discharge the powers and duties of the said office, the same shall devolve on the Vice President, and the Congress may by law provide for the case of removal, death, resignation or inability, both of the President and Vice President, declaring what officer shall then act as President, and such officer shall act accordingly, until the disability be removed, or a President shall be elected.
The President shall, at stated times, receive for his services, a compensation, which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within that period any other emolument from the United States, or any of them. Before he enter on the execution of his office, he shall take the following oath or affirmation: The President shall be commander in chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the militia of the several states, when called into the actual service of the United States; he may require the opinion, in writing, of the principal officer in each of the executive departments, upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices, and he shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the United States, except in cases of impeachment.
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He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to make treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other officers of the United States, whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law: Alabama through Missouri including the District of Columbia are placed in one box and Montana through Wyoming are placed in the other box.
Faithless elector An elector may vote for whomever he or she wishes for each office provided that at least one of their votes president or vice president is for a person who is not a resident of the same state as themselves. Twenty-nine states plus the District of Columbia have passed laws to punish faithless electors, although none have ever been enforced.
Many constitutional scholars claim that state restrictions would be struck down if challenged based on Article II and the Twelfth Amendment. BlairU. Some states, however, do have laws requiring that state's electors to vote for the candidate to whom they are pledged. Electors who break their pledge are called " faithless electors. Over the course of 58 presidential elections sinceonly 0. As stated in the ruling, electors are acting as a functionary of the state, not the federal government.
Therefore, states have the right to govern the process of choosing electors. The constitutionality of state laws punishing electors for actually casting a faithless vote, rather than refusing to pledge, has never been decided by the Supreme Court.
However, in his dissent in Ray v. Blair, Justice Robert Jackson wrote: Faithless electors have never changed the outcome of any presidential election. Contingent election The Twelfth Amendment mandates Congress assemble in joint session to count the electoral votes and declare the winners of the election.
The vice president and the Speaker of the House sit at the podium, with the vice president in the seat of the Speaker of the House.
Senate pages bring in the two mahogany boxes containing each state's certified vote and place them on tables in front of the senators and representatives. Each house appoints two tellers to count the vote normally one member of each political party.
Relevant portions of the Certificate of Vote are read for each state, in alphabetical order. Members of Congress can object to any state's vote count, provided objection is presented in writing and is signed by at least one member of each house of Congress.
An objection supported by at least one senator and one representative will be followed by the suspension of the joint session and by separate debates and votes in each House of Congress; after both Houses deliberate on the objection, the joint session is resumed.
A state's certificate of vote can be rejected only if both Houses of Congress vote to accept the objection.
United States Electoral College
In that case, the votes from the State in question are simply ignored. The votes of Arkansas and Louisiana were rejected in the presidential election of Gore, who as vice president was required to preside over his own Electoral College defeat by five electoral votesdenied the objections, all of which were raised by only several representatives and would have favored his candidacy, after no senators would agree to jointly object.
Objections were again raised in the vote count of the elections, and on that occasion the document was presented by one representative and one senator. Although the joint session was suspended, the objections were quickly disposed of and rejected by both Houses of Congress.
If there are no objections or all objections are overruled, the presiding officer simply includes a state's votes, as declared in the certificate of vote, in the official tally. After the certificates from all states are read and the respective votes are counted, the presiding officer simply announces the final result of the vote and, provided the required absolute majority of votes was achieved, declares the names of the persons elected president and vice president.
This announcement concludes the joint session and formalizes the recognition of the president-elect and of the vice president-elect. The senators then depart from the House Chamber.
The final tally is printed in the Senate and House journals. Contingent presidential election by House[ edit ] The Twelfth Amendment requires the House of Representatives to go into session immediately to vote for a president if no candidate for president receives a majority of the electoral votes sinceof the electoral votes. In this event, the House of Representatives is limited to choosing from among the three candidates who received the most electoral votes for president.
Each state delegation votes en bloc—each delegation having a single vote; the District of Columbia does not receive a vote. A candidate must receive an absolute majority of state delegation votes i. Additionally, delegations from at least two thirds of all the states must be present for voting to take place.
The House continues balloting until it elects a president. The House of Representatives has chosen the president only twice: Contingent vice presidential election by Senate[ edit ] In a contingent presidential election, the House of Representatives, voting by state, elects the president, choosing from among the three candidates who received the most electoral votes.
In a contingent vice presidential election, the Senate elects the vice president, choosing between the two candidates who received the largest number of electoral votes.
In this election, each senator casts an individual vote. In both elections, an absolute majority is required to win: The District of Columbia would not participate in a contingent election for president or vice president as it is not a state. The Senate is limited to choosing from the two candidates who received the most electoral votes for vice president.
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Normally this would mean two candidates, one less than the number of candidates available in the House vote. However, the text is written in such a way that all candidates with the most and second most electoral votes are eligible for the Senate election — this number could theoretically be larger than two. The Senate votes in the normal manner in this case i. However, two-thirds of the senators must be present for voting to take place.