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Complete meet information is available by clicking here for the Coaches an open to the public running event held during the Battlefield Cross Country Festival. The annual meeting of the WHO Family of International Classifications Network will take place in Seoul, Republic of Korea from October. Visit our IISD/ENB Meeting Coverage from Florianópolis, Brazil at: for the four IWC countries with aboriginal subsistence whaling to allow.

Lucia, and Ghana supported the revisions made by the ASW countries and many urged adoption of the revised amendment by consensus. Austria on behalf of the EU, along with Iceland, South Africa, and Japan welcomed the flexibility member states had shown in finding ways to resolve divergent views. Iceland highlighted that the agreement meant that renewals of quotas would now be made on the basis of scientific evidence on stock abundance and indigenous peoples would not have to demonstrate repeatedly why they need to hunt whales.

Costa Rica opposed the proposed Schedule amendment, noting it still had concerns about the carryover provisions and the approach to formulating quotas. Gabon expressed reservations about the measure and, supported by India, encouraged member states to move toward non-lethal use of whales.

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Whale and Dolphin Conservation, also on behalf of Cetacean Society International, urged countries to support non-lethal use of whales, citing the success of whale watching promotion in enhancing tourism in the Dominican Republic. After determining that consensus was not feasible, Chair Morishita called for a vote. Delegates approved the proposed Schedule amendment, with 58 member states supporting, seven opposing, and five abstaining. Calling the approval a great achievement for ASW management, Denmark noted that the scientific basis involved two decades of work.

Speaking for the US, a native whaler from Alaska said his community can now provide for its people without anxiety. Vincent and the Grenadines said the decision suggested the IWC had turned a new page.

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The Russian Federation said word of the news had already reached the hunters, who offered their thanks. Several countries explained their votes. Argentina clarified it had no problem with the Alaskan subsistence catch, but remaining concerns prevented its full support. On its abstention, Brazil highlighted: South Atlantic Whale Sanctuary: He stressed that a SAWS would address a range of 21st century threats to whales, including ship strikes, underwater noise, climate change, and entanglement.

He noted that the SC had positively reviewed the SAWS proposal and management plan inand he called on all states to support the proposed sanctuary. The US highlighted opportunities to conduct non-lethal whaling activities and advance whale conservation, and benefits for local communities including whale watching. Monaco said whales, increasingly affected by anthropogenic threats, need a large sanctuary because they migrate over extensive areas, noting that small marine protected areas MPAs would provide insufficient protection.

New Zealand noted that the IWC has a mandate to establish whale sanctuaries with positive impacts for local communities, but no mandate for creating MPAs. Antigua and Barbuda said it was not clear that a SAWS would enhance the strong recovery of whale populations already under way and pointed to the need for a mechanism to revisit existing sanctuaries in light of recovering populations.

Norway noted that MPAs offer a more suitable approach to sustainable management, compared with narrowly focused sanctuaries. Iceland said adopting the resolution would not be legally consistent with ICRW Article V on amending provisions of the Convention and so would have no legal relevance. Brazil then requested a vote: With less than a three-fourths majority, the proposal failed. He explained that the package involved establishing a Sustainable Whaling Committee to propose catch limits, and Schedule amendments to give effect to the limits, provided the SC had already determined a particular whale population was sufficiently healthy.

He also noted the proposal sought to amend the ICRW to change the requirements for any Schedule amendment from a three-fourths voting requirement to a simple majority.

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He further indicated that Japan is looking for unanimous support for its package proposal, which includes an accompanying resolution. On Thursday, Japan highlighted: He stated that the proposal is the only way to bring together the divergent views within the IWC. Dolphin and Whale Action Network also spoke in opposition. Austria, on behalf of the EU, highlighted concerns on tasking the SC to provide advice on sustainable catch limits for any stocks intended for commercial whaling, noting the remaining unresolved discrepancies on Antarctic minke whale counts.

Brazil and Argentina, on behalf of the Buenos Aires Group, echoed by Chile and Ecuador, reiterated commitment to the moratorium. Costa Rica opposed reintroduction of commercial whaling since many species have barely recovered their stocks and are still considered threatened by a number of international organizations, including IUCN and CITES. Uruguay said the IWC is making progress and that effective dialogue takes place under the existing rules. Mexico said conservation has appropriately dominated IWC discussion in recent years and also noted that consumption of whale meat is small and declining.

New Zealand said the proposal puts forward a narrative that the IWC is dysfunctional because there are no catch limits on commercial take but the IWC has set limits—they are zero. India suggested, as a compromise approach, to change the voting requirement to a two-thirds majority. Kitts and Nevis, Ghana, Grenada, St. Vincent and the Grenadines. Liberia said blind adherence to what was supposed to be a temporary cessation of whaling was unsustainable and was bringing the IWC to its knees.

Kenya highlighted the lack of trust, and said the increased understanding of living marine resources should be used to keep the IWC together. Grenada, supporting the proposal, said a moratorium could apply to stocks that are low. Three NGOs commented in support of the proposal. The IMWC World Conservation Trust said the proposal establishes a clear distinction between past and current whaling, which could be defined as sustainable use whaling.

Antigua and Barbuda said it has withdrawn its invitation to discuss further its resolution on food security, despite the US, the EU, and NGO interest in the resolution, as it believed it could not negotiate in an atmosphere of mistrust. Japan asked for a vote on the package. The vote proceeded with 27 member states voting in support, 41 against, and two abstaining. Explaining its vote, Australia encouraged Japan to accept the result and to continue sharing its views within the IWC.

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He expressed disappointment that no counter-proposal had come forward and said the result was equivalent to denying the possibility of coexistence of sustainable use and conservation advocates, while saying Japan wished to continue engaging with the IWC. He stated that Japan would undertake a fundamental reassessment of its position in the IWC, with every option to be scrutinized. He requested his statement be attached to the meeting report. Chair Morishita noted the statement.

He highlighted that the draft resolution incorporates the precautionary approach to address anthropogenic noise and marine pollution, noting scientific evidence regarding negative effects, both short-term and long-term, on cetaceans.

He said the resolution urges member states to: Switzerland and Monaco offered to cosponsor. CC Chair Rojas-Bracho reported that the CC endorsed continued cooperation with other organizations and supported the draft resolution.

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Austria, on behalf of the EU, explained the revised text aimed to: Iceland said text referencing noise traveling across and beyond areas of national jurisdiction is: Vincent and the Grenadines said the proposed resolution was somewhat outside the purview of the IWC, but had merit.

IWC adopted the resolution on anthropogenic noise by consensus. He explained the draft resolution urges member states to consider the blue economy in relation to food security for optimizing benefits from the marine ecosystem. Delegates met in informal groups throughout the week to address issues related to the proposed resolution.

On Thursday, the proposal was withdrawn. Antigua and Barbuda said the proposal lacked whole-hearted support, but could be retabled at IWC The proposed resolution on food security was withdrawn. Ghost Gear Entanglement Among Cetaceans: He stressed the draft resolution highlights that abandoned, lost, or otherwise discarded fishing gear ALDFG is recognized as a major anthropogenic global problem that causes economic losses, environmental damage and harm to marine wildlife, especially cetaceans.

He said the resolution also reinforces measures to reduce the entanglement of whales and dolphins in ghost fishing gear, including through development of techniques to locate ALDFG and clean up what is already accumulated in the ocean. Austria, on behalf of the EU, supported continuation of work in disentangling captured animals, but stressed prevention as the long-term goal.

Republic of Korea described its national policies on ghost gear, including training for the fishing industry. Norway outlined efforts on disentangling whales trapped in its northern fjords. Mexico pointed to several UN General Assembly resolutions that provide the IWC with a mandate for reduction of ghost gear and marine debris.

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Global Ghost Gear Initiative offered to work with member states on efforts to address this issue and urged the SC and CC to collect more data on which species are most affected. The AEWC outlined initiatives in the West Arctic to address ghost gear and marine plastic debris, including a campaign to reduce plastics in its communities and beyond. Delegates endorsed the resolution with the inclusion of the following language: IWC adopted the resolution on ghost gear entanglement by consensus.

He explained that the draft resolution focuses on actions and measures that the IWC can foster to achieve SDG 14 in the context of protection of oceans, seas, and marine resources for sustainable development.

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He said it is vital that the IWC enhances its cooperation with other conventions so that conservation and management of whales is further highlighted in the global agenda. On Thursday afternoon, resolution sponsors withdrew the proposed resolution. In explaining the decision, Brazil said that while the perspectives of many countries and groups had been incorporated into revised text, the sponsors determined it not appropriate to propose a vote on a document related to SDGs, which have universal consensus.

The proposed resolution on the Agenda was withdrawn. Resolution on cetaceans and their contribution to ecosystem functioning; and the need to integrate into the decision making of the IWC and other fora the contributions made by live cetaceans and carcasses present in the ocean.

She said the resolution encourages IWC to: Australia also offered to cosponsor the proposal. Mexico and Monaco noted the importance of completing a gap analysis on the direct and indirect roles of cetaceans in ecosystem functioning. Costa Rica called for creating synergies with other international organizations, including CMS. Japan, Norway, Iceland, the Russian Federation, and Guinea opposed adopting the resolution in its current form, noting that they understood the importance of an ecosystem approach.

Japan, supported by Norway, Iceland, the Russia Federation, and Guinea, also noted that the draft resolution overstates the role of cetaceans on ecosystem functioning, which undermines the IWC objective on sustainable use of whales. Lacking consensus, delegates voted on the proposed resolution, 40 in favor, 23 opposing, and seven abstentions. Chair Morishita then invited delegates to explain their votes. Fifteen countries spoke in favor of adopting the resolution: Statements in support covered: Member states speaking in opposition to the resolution included: Vincent and the Grenadines, St.

Lucia, and Solomon Islands. Statements in opposition to the draft declaration included: Brazil, stating it had conducted extensive consultations overnight, requested a vote. Delegates adopted the resolution, with 40 in favor, 27 opposed, and four abstentions. Brazil said that the declaration: Several delegates explained their votes.

Antigua and Barbuda said proponents of the declaration had not consulted in good faith about a far-reaching statement, which should have been widely discussed. He suggested the time has come to form an organization that will truly manage these species and added that the IWC would not survive. Vincent and the Grenadines said the spirit of compromise evident in the ASW discussions had vanished and if the IWC continues in this direction, its death-knell is imminent.

Grenada saw merits on both sides but could not support a declaration that did not include limited whale harvests from healthy stocks. He made a plea for finding compromise where everyone could win. Guinea and Senegal supported endorsing the report and emphasized the importance of food and nutritional security provided by whale resources.

Strike Limit Algorithms for West Greenland fin whales and common minke whales; the new management plan for the Makah hunt of gray whales; and the Implementation Review of the Bering-Chukchi-Beaufort Seas stock of bowhead whales. Kenya supported endorsing the report and emphasized the importance of capacity development for whale biologists and scientists from his region.

He explained that the ASW Sub-Committee endorsed the report and its recommendations on the AWS and provided details, including on the carryover and block quota provisions. He noted that IWC conservation objectives would remain the same with no increase in the numbers of whale catches, but there would be greater flexibility on the timing of when whales are taken. On North Atlantic humpback whales off St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Argentina requested further detail on photographs and DNA testing procedures.

He welcomed additional contributions. On Wednesday, the IWC considered and addressed all topics related to cetacean status and health. She stressed that it is the first time that a comprehensive assessment of whale stocks not subject to directed takes was carried out, which helped identify conservation and management needs and ways to reduce uncertainty at the next assessment.

Among other recommendations, she highlighted, inter alia: They said bycatch and illegal fishing represent major threats, with risk of extinction if left unaddressed, as occurred with the Yangtze River dolphin. India outlined its programmes for addressing threats to three species of river dolphin, including training fisherman in improved fishing practices. Mexico pointed to the complexity of taking action on illegal totoaba fishing, which affects vaquita through bycatch, because illegal sales of totoaba fish bladders fetch extremely high prices.

Argentina outlined its actions, sinceto implement the first CMP to reduce bycatch of Franciscana dolphins. Cetacean Health and Disease: In the field of health, positive results can be achieved, including better quality of life of the Brazilian population; innovation of the national pharmaceutical industry and improved access to first-line drugs. Cooperation in science, technology and innovation is important to bridge the scientific and technological gap between Brazil and developed countries; in that sense, it includes relevant initiatives, with great potential for knowledge sharing and availability of resources for research projects.

Although recent within BRICS, the energy dossier has the potential for becoming one of the most complex areas, since the development of their energy matrix sustainability is of interest to all members of the group. InBrazil took over the organization of the meeting. On this occasion, it was noticed that the interest in holding a closer dialogue called for the organization of a specific meeting of foreign ministers.

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Since then, the acronym, coined a few years earlier by the financial market, was no longer limited to describing four emerging economies: BRICs was now a new political and diplomatic entity. Inat the Sanya Summit, South Africa joined the group. Over the past ten years, nine Summit meetings have taken place with all leaders of the mechanism in attendance. Yekaterinburg, Russia, June ; Second Summit: Sanya, China, April ; Fourth Summit: Fortaleza, Brazil, July ; Seventh Summit: Ufa, Russia, July ; Eighth Summit: Xiamen, China, August ; and Tenth Summit: Johannesburg, South Africa, July Held against the backdrop of the financial crisis, the meeting focused on economic and financial issues, with emphasis on the reform of international financial institutions, the role of the G20 in the recovery of the world economy and discussions on political issues, such as the need for reform of the United Nations.