US Relationship With Guam, Explained | Benzinga
3 days ago Guam: Geographical and historical treatment of Guam, including Guam thus became the first U.S. territory to recognize same-sex marriage. Guam, a U.S. territory in the western Pacific Ocean, is tiny – but its strategic location is of great importance, Relationship with the U.S. Guam, the United States territory that Japan invaded right after bombing Pearl Harbor, is almost as important to the U.S. historically as it is.
Congress then formally declared war on Spain on April 25, making it retroactive to April 21 when the blockade was established.
Following orders to implement his part of the Navy contingency plan, Commodore Dewey sailed to Manila Bay and sank the Spanish fleet off the coast of Cavite on May 1, On May 2, he ordered U. Orders to seize Guam At the same time, American naval personnel showed a new interest in another Spanish possession in the western Pacific. On May 9, the U. The sealed orders stated: Upon the receipt of this order, which is forwarded by the steamship City of Pekin to you at Honolulu, you will proceed, with the Charleston and the City of Pekin in company, to Manila, Philippine Islands.
The US Relationship With Guam, Explained
On your way, you are hereby directed to stop at the Spanish Island of Guam. You will use such force as may be necessary to capture the port of Guam, making prisoners of the governor and other officials and any armed force that may be there. You will destroy any fortifications on said island and any Spanish naval vessels that may be there, or in the immediate vicinity.
These operations at the Island of Guam should be very brief, and should not occupy more than one or two days. Should you find any coal at the Island of Guam, you will make such use of it as you consider desirable.
It is left to your discretion whether or not you destroy it. Glass first read the orders on June 4, when his ship left Honolulu, and he followed them to the letter. Soon a small boat with four Spaniards, including a Lieutenant Gutierrez, approached the Charleston.
Guam | History, Geography, & Points of Interest | salonjardin.info
The Spaniards apologized for not being able to return the salute due to a lack of gunpowder. Then they were surprised to learn that Spain and America were now at war and that they were now prisoners.
Glass asked Gutierrez to inform Governor Juan Marina of the new situation and have him board the Charleston to discuss surrender terms. Marina refused, claiming that Spanish law prohibited him from boarding the ship, but he asked that Glass come on shore instead. On reaching the landing at Petey [Piti], under a flag of truce, I was met by the Governor-General with his staff, and after a formal introduction, I at once handed to the governor your ultimatum, noting the time, I called attention to the fact that but one half hour would be given for a reply, and casually informed the governor that he had better take into consideration the fact we had in the harbor three transports loaded with troops and one war vessel of a very formidable nature.
He thanked me, and retired to a building near by with his advisors. These provisions became bones of contention when Guam representatives had to deal with federal officials. The document was introduced in Congress four different times under the leadership of Congressmen Ben Blaz and Robert Underwood and received two hearings and Federal officials under the Bush and Clinton administrations were consistent in their opposition to Chamorro Self-Determination and mutual consent and the bills were never reported out of committee.
The discussions between the Commission on Self Determination and federal representatives never yielded a final agreement. In response to the lack of movement, the Guam Legislature created a Chamorro Registry for the eventual exercise of Chamorro self-determination with or without Congressional authorization.
A new Commission on the Decolonization of Guam was established to move the process forward in advance of any formal discussion with the federal government.
» Spanish-American War
Status questions unresolved Public support and interest has waned and political leadership has been uninvolved in the process. Felix Camacho, governor fromwrote letters to Congress about a potential new constitutional convention, but has not been active in either the Commission on Self Determination or Decolonization.
Guam Congresswoman Bordallo has been silent on the matter to date. Governor Eddie Calvo says he will take an active stance on decolonization and reconvened the Commission on Decolonization.
Commission director Ed Alvarez said funding is currently being sought for a public education campaign to be followed by an eventual vote. Today, the political status of Guam is basically the same as it was at the time the island was ceded to the US by Spain. Guam remains an unincorporated territory that is not on a track to statehood. There are many incremental steps that have improved conditions and federal-territorial relations are governed more by domestic concerns like inclusion in domestic programs rather than disputes over authority that can be resolved through political status.
At times, this desire will appear dormant while it will spring to life as it did in the s and s and s and s. But the issues remain difficult.
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- Guam’s Political Status
- Spanish-American War
Should there be a formal mechanism like a plebiscite to consult the will of the Chamorro people? The folk arts and handicrafts of Guam have enjoyed a revival since the late 20th century. Various public and private groups have been created to promote music, dance, and other traditional cultural arts for the benefit of both the local community and tourists.
The University of Guam also promotes regional arts and culture. There are daily and semiweekly newspapers and quarterly and monthly magazines published on Guam, and several radio and television stations broadcast local and international news and features daily. History Guam, like the other Mariana Islandswas settled by the second quarter of the 2nd millennium bce by an Indonesian-Filipino people. Archaeological research shows that by ce they had developed a complex society that erected elaborate stone pillars halegewhich served as supports for communal houses latte.
Ferdinand Magellan probably landed on Guam in Spain officially claimed the island in but did not attempt to conquer it until the latter part of the 17th century. After an uprising in and 25 years of intermittent warfare, the Spanish subdued the population with considerable bloodshed. Diseases introduced by the Europeans, particularly smallpox and influenzaalso played an important role in the decimation of the population.
Typhoons in and caused further destruction and loss of life. Guam remained a Spanish possession untilwhen, in the course of the Spanish-American Warthe U.
Guam was ceded to the United Statesand Spain sold the other islands of the Marianas to Germany in From that time until except for the period of its occupation by the Japanese during World War II the governor of the island was a naval officer appointed by the president of the United States. Allied forces retook Guam by August 10, It was a major air and naval base for the squadrons of bombers that attacked Japan near the end of the war.
Under the jurisdiction of the U. Navyit was made a territory that was administered by the U. Department of the Interior. Various offices within that department have administered Guam; the Office of Insular Affairs has had responsibility since Guam remains the site of major U. In the s Guam gradually began to move toward representative self-government. The first popularly elected governor ran for office inand in Guam was given the right to send one nonvoting delegate entitled to vote in committees, however to the U.
In the U. Senate accorded Guam the right to adopt a territorial constitution.