These tips will help you master public speaking in the boardroom, at a dinner party or in front of a crowd of thousands. Diet & Fitness · Careers · Money · Wellness · Relationships But remembering these key principles is a good place to start in terms of becoming a better communicator in any situation. For a printer-friendly PDF version of this guide, click here is to establish links with her/his audience (a poor presenter appears to be speaking to an empty room). important in developing and sustaining a relationship with your audience. Here are four principles that seem to guide the great speakers I've seen She continued that if a speaker has passion, an audience will "put up.
And most public speakers are not particularly engaging. Get out the whole idea before you let your eyes move to the next person.
This is a way to know for sure if you are connecting with your audience when you talk. Sticking with one person for each point is painful and nearly impossible if you are not truly connecting your material to that person. Some people ignore it, or trick themselves into thinking there is a connection: This tactic alienates an audience, and makes reestablishing a connection very difficult.
Then you get another try. If you smile at your audience, they are likely to smile back.
Delivering an effective presentation
And a smile engenders good feelings and a true connection — even if the smile is forced, because we are pretty bad at recognizing a fake smile. This is because when we are forcing a smile, we are still genuinely trying to make a positive connection, so most people will read the nonverbal cue as positive. Relax A fake smile is okay. But overwhelming nerves is not. There are lots of ways to get yourself to relax before you connect.
Audience Analysis | Department of Communication | University of Pittsburgh
One is, of course, to know your material well. But a lot of relaxation is physical, not mental. The Communications Department offers tips for analyzing an audience.
Audience Analysis Factors Audience expectations When people become audience members in a speech situation, they bring with them expectations about the occasion, topic, and speaker. Violating audience expectations can have a negative impact on the effectiveness of the speech. Imagine that a local politician is asked to speak at the memorial service for a beloved former mayor.
If the politician used the opportunity to discuss a piece of legislation, the audience would probably be offended and the speaker would lose credibility. Knowledge of topic Audience knowledge of a topic can vary widely on any given occasion, therefore, communicators should find out what their audience already knows about the topic.
If a speaker launches into a technical discussion of genetic engineering but the listeners are not familiar with basic genetics, they will be unable to follow your speech and quickly lose interest. Try to do some research to find out what the audience already knows about the topic. Imagine that a presenter is trying to convince the community to build a park. A speaker would probably be inclined to spend the majority of the speech giving reasons why a park would benefit the community.
However, if they found out ahead of time that most neighbors thought the park was a good idea but they were worried about safety issues, then the speaker could devote their time to showing them that park users would be safer in the park than they currently are playing in the streets. The persuasive power of the speech is thus directed at the most important impediment to the building of a park. Audience size Many elements of speech-making change in accordance with audience size.
In general, the larger the audience the more formal the presentation should be. Sitting down and using common language when speaking to a group of 10 people is often quite appropriate.
However, that style of presentation would probably be inappropriate or ineffective if you were speaking to 1, people.
5 Ways great speakers connect with their audience | Penelope Trunk Careers
Large audiences often require that you use a microphone and speak from an elevated platform. Demographics The demographic factors of an audience include age, gender, religion, ethnic background, class, sexual orientation, occupation, education, group membership, and countless other categories. Politicians usually pay a great deal of attention to demographic factors when they are on the campaign trail.
If a politician speaks in Day County, Florida the county with the largest elderly population they will likely discuss the issues that are more relevant to people in that age range — Medicare and Social Security. Communicators must be careful about stereotyping an audience based on demographic information — individuals are always more complicated than a simplistic identity category.
Also, be careful not to pander exclusively to interests based on demographics.